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Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Life-Saving First Aid for Cardiac Arrest Victims - Part 2

August 21, 2012

In our previous post, we discussed how you may be able to save the life of someone in cardiac arrest by learning cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR. Now, we will show you how to perform the two methods of CPR, namely, chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

How to Perform Chest Compressions?

  1. cpr during cardiac arrestLay the cardiac arrest victim on his or her back.
  2. Place one hand on top of the other over the center of his or her chest.
  3. Press the chest until it moves inward about 1½ or 2 inches.
  4. Relax and let the chest rebound
  5. Perform this press-and-relax motion repeatedly at a rate of two times per second.
  6. Do not stop even if the victim is gasping or moving.

How to Perform Mouth-to Mouth Resuscitation?

  1. With the victim lying on his or her back, tilt the head back.
  2. Seal his or her mouth with your mouth and pinch the nose shut with your fingers.
  3. Blow air into his or her mouth for about one second.
  4. If the victim is an adult, give 10 to 12 breaths every minute.
  5. For a child or infant, give 12 to 20 breaths every minute.
  6. If you are using mouth-to mouth resuscitation in combination with chest compressions, deliver two breaths after every 30 compressions.

When you see someone suffer a cardiac arrest, the first thing you need to do is call 911. Then, you have to keep performing CPR until emergency help arrives. If you want to make sure that you can perform CPR effectively, it is recommended that you attend a CPR course.


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