If your normal blood pressure is below 90/60 mmHg, you are suffering from low blood pressure, or hypotension. Unlike high blood pressure, low blood pressure is not a serious problem for most people. In fact, athletes and people who lead very active lifestyles have lower blood pressure than ordinary people. However, the condition should be a cause for concern if it is accompanied by symptoms or signs of low blood flow.
Low Blood Flow
Signs of low blood flow include:
- Throbbing or stinging pain in your limbs
- Pain and muscle cramps
Causes of Low Blood Pressure
Low blood pressure can be an indication of an underlying health problem. It usually occurs because of conditions that cause a decrease in cardiac output and blood volume. One of these conditions is dehydration resulting from prolonged exercise, sweating, fever, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, and heat stroke. If the dehydration is moderate or severe, it can lead to orthostatic hypotension, and severe and prolonged hypotension can cause acidosis, kidney failure, shock, coma, or even death. Other conditions that can reduce blood pressure level include moderate or severe bleeding, severe inflammation, coronary conditions, embolism, diabetes, and severe allergic reactions.
If you are suffering from extremely low blood pressure, you may experience certain symptoms that can be potentially-dangerous. These symptoms include blurry vision, dizziness, confusion, loss of concentration, fainting, and shock. If you feel dizzy or faint while you are standing or walking, you may fall and injure yourself. Shock is a very dangerous condition that can cause serious damage to multiple organs, and it may result in death.
Although low blood pressure is mostly harmless, it should not be taken lightly. If you have low blood pressure and you are experiencing the above mentioned symptoms, it is advisable that you consult one of our doctors.