Blood is composed of liquid and solid parts. Plasma is the liquid part of blood, and it consists of water, protein, and salts. It makes up more than half of the total volume of blood. Red and white blood cells, as well as platelets, make up the solid part of blood. The different parts of blood perform different functions to keep the circulatory system working, and they may become less effective if they are affected by diseases.
Blood diseases can have short-term or long-term effects, and they can be inherited or caused by factors such as nutritional deficiencies, side effects of medications, or other diseases. Conditions that affect your blood can undermine your overall health, and some of them can even lead to death. Therefore, it is essential that you learn about the different types of blood diseases, and take the appropriate measures to prevent or control them.
Anemia is one of the more common types of blood disorder. It is mainly indicated by a lack of red blood cells, and it can be caused by iron, folate, or B12 vitamin deficiency. Anemia comes in many different forms, which are distinguished by their causes, and they include secondary aplastic anemia, pernicious anemia, and hemolytic anemia.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is another widely occurring blood disorder. It is known as a silent killer due to its tendency to show no symptoms in its early stages. Failure to diagnose and treat the condition promptly can result in serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. As such, it is advisable that you monitor your blood pressure regularly. The best way to prevent and manage high blood pressure is to observe a healthy diet and exercise regularly.