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How Diabetes Contributes to Heart Disease

November 9, 2011

Diabetes occurs when your body is unable to produce sufficient hormone insulin or use insulin properly. There are two forms of Diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. If you have Type 1 Diabetes, the pancreas in your body will not be able to produce any insulin at all. In Type 2 Diabetes, the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or the insulin is ignored by the cells in your body. Most people who are suffering from diabetes have Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes is a condition that can increase your risk of heart disease, and it should be treated and managed promptly.

Diabetes link to heart diseaseWhen your body is digesting food, it will turn most of the food into glucose. The function of insulin is to help glucose enter the cells in your body, so that it can be used as energy. If you are suffering from diabetes and your body is not producing enough insulin, the glucose will build up in your blood instead of entering the cells, resulting in higher blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels can cause significant damage to the lining of your blood vessels and lead to atherosclerosis, a major contributing factor to heart disease.

It is known that people who have higher insulin resistance, such as Type 2 Diabetics, also have higher levels of fibrinogen in their blood. Fibrinogen is an essential protein that causes your blood to clot, so that you will not lose too much blood when you are bleeding. However, excessive fibrinogen in your blood can cause blood clots to form in your arteries and increase your chances of getting a stroke.

It is estimated that people who are affected by Type 2 Diabetes are two to six times more susceptible to heart attack than ordinary people. Also, heart attacks are usually more fatal in Diabetes patients.

Diabetes in America