In our previous post, we discussed the various factors that can lead to the formation of varicose veins. Today, we will take a look at the symptoms and possible health problems that can result from these abnormal veins, as well as diagnosis and treatment methods.
The most obvious sign of varicose veins is their appearance on the skin. Other common symptoms of the condition include pain that can worsen after standing or sitting for an extended period of time, throbbing, cramping, swelling, heaviness, restlessness, and itchy or irritating rash. In severe cases, the skin on the legs may also become darker. Varicose veins usually do not result in any health problems, except mild pain and discomfort. However, in some cases, they can contribute to more serious conditions such as skin ulcers and sores, bleeding, deep vein thrombosis, and superficial thrombophlebitis.
Diagnosis of varicose veins usually involves a physical examination. The doctor will ask you to stand or sit with your legs dangling and examine your legs. He or she may also ask you whether you are experiencing any symptoms. Sometimes, the doctor may conduct other tests to determine the severity of the condition or possible development of other disorders, such as ultrasound and venogram.
Varicose veins can be treated with medical procedures or lifestyle changes. The easiest way to treat the condition is to use compression stockings. These stockings work by applying pressure on your veins, and they come in three different forms, namely, support pantyhose, over-the-counter compression hose, and prescription compression hose. Medical procedures that are used for treating varicose veins include sclerotherapy, surface laser treatment, endovenous methods, and surgery.
Photo Credit: Thomas Hawk