Finding out you have heart disease is scary. Symptoms vary, and your heart disease life expectancy depends on the type and severity of your heart condition.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. It accounts for 1 in every 3 deaths. But there are about 92 million American adults living with some form of cardiovascular disease or the after-effects of stroke. So, being diagnosed with heart disease does not have to be a death sentence, but you have to want to do something about it.
Here is a list of the 8 types of heart disease, life expectancy, and what you can do to decrease your risk.
The gradual buildup of plaque on the inside of your coronary arteries causes coronary artery disease. In other words, your heart's major blood vessels are damaged and less blood is getting to your heart. The good news is symptoms can be managed effectively with a combination of lifestyle changes, medicine and, in some cases, surgery.
If you have high blood pressure, the force of the blood against your artery walls is too high. This can cause your arteries to become stiff over time. High blood pressure increases your risk for stroke, congestive heart failure, kidney failure, and heart attack. High blood pressure combined with excess weight, high cholesterol, smoking, or diabetes, increases the risk exponentially. Talk to your doctor about ways to lower your blood pressure; including:
This occurs when you suddenly lose heart function, breathing and consciousness. It can kill you in a matter of minutes. Cardiac arrest is reversible in most victims if it's treated within a few minutes.
This is a chronic condition and means your heart doesn't pump blood as well as it should. Although there have been recent improvements in congestive heart failure treatment, researchers say the prognosis for people with the disease is still bleak, with about 50 percent having an average life expectancy of less than five years. For those with advanced forms of heart failure, nearly 90 percent die within one year.
An arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat— either too fast or too slow. But according to the National Institutes of Health, many arrhythmias are harmless. It's common to have an occasional extra heartbeat or mild palpitations. People who have harmless arrhythmias can live healthy lives by making some lifestyle changes and seeing their doctor regularly.
This occurs when your blood vessels narrow, reducing blood flow to your limbs. It puts you at higher risk for coronary artery disease, heart attack, and stroke; but you can take steps to treat and control it. Talk to your doctor about a supervised exercise program and other healthy lifestyle changes.
Your brain is damaged from an interruption of its blood supply. It is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. A Danish study found that those who survived a stroke were five times more likely to die between four weeks and one year after the first stroke. They were two times more likely to die after more than a year passed.
An abnormality in your heart that develops before birth. Those who have mild congenital heart defects may not need medical treatment. More severe defects can be controlled or repaired with medications, medical procedures, or surgery.
Heart disease facts are important to know. Knowing the facts can decrease your risk of dying from heart disease. You can find more heart disease facts in our free guide “The Heart Disease Facts That Could Change Your Life.” Download it today to find out if you’re doing everything in your power to keep your heart healthy.